5 Ways Physical Therapy Can Help With Back Pain


Back pain is one of the most common reasons people go to the doctor or miss work. Studies have shown that 85 percent of adults experience low back pain, and about 20 percent call their pain severe or disabling. The annual economic impact on Americans is approximately $15 billion. Chances are, if you don’t have back pain right now, you are likely to experience it at some time during your life.

Causes of Low Back Pain can be classified as Mechanical, Biomechanical, Neurological or Non-mechanical Physical Causes: (Diseases affecting the body as a whole).

  1. Physical Therapy plays a major role in restoring mobility and reducing low back pain in most cases, without surgery or the side effects of medications.
  2. Use of manual therapy, which includes a number of physical therapy techniques such as: Trigger Point Therapy, Muscle Energy Technique, Positional Release, Neuro Mobilization, Joint Manipulation and a numberof other methods that aim to treat the source of the problem and not justthe symptoms.
  3. Introduce basic exercises that focus on developing the strength of the torso without putting stress on the spine, while we are still working on decreasing the pain further and bring balance between tight and weak muscles.
  4. Re-educate the patient on how to avoid future injuries by improving neuromuscular control, which is the interaction between nerves and muscles. This retraining is used to correct any muscle imbalances caused by injury, surgery or poor posture.
  5. Identify factors other than mechanical ones that causes low back pain such as nutritional inadequacies, metabolic and endocrine inadequacies, psychological factors, chronic infection, and others. These factors are called perpetuating factors and are very important to be addressed for faster recovery and prevention of re-injury.

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